MM DEMO PUBLIC SPACE: Empowerment & Inclusion of PWDs within the Public Space in Kale, Myanmar: Participatory Change Approach - Project Idea

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The Applicant/ Leader (in English)

Agency for Basic Community Development (ABC)

Background of the applicant

The applicant & its past/ previous project experience & data & contact for the proposal

ABC has it has been involved in the promotion of Chin indigenous people and the capacity building for the Chin CSOs since 2011. Funded by Rangoon-based U.S. Embassy Small Grants, it first conducted “Community Development and Civic Empowerment” training for Chin religious leaders, village headmen, University students and indigenous leaders. Since then, with the support of Italian Bishops’ Conference (CEI) ABC has been implementing CSOs strengthening activities in Chin State and Kale-Kabaw, Sagaing region. ABC gives consultations to Chin CSOs for their registration process to government. A series of capacity building trainings are also conducted for the newly formed CSOs including organizational planning system (OPS), organizational development (OD), community organization (CO) and leadership training.  

Project Summary

The notion of universal design - accessibility & inclusiveness of public spaces, eyeing the peculiar needs of PWDs, impaired and handicapped is barely no-existent in Myanmar, causing exclusion & enhancing existing marginalization and stigmatization of PWDs and their families in: societal & economic & cultural terms (limited access to education, healthcare, public life, mobility, economy, culture & further obstacles to socialization, integration and activation in all aspects), WB, UNDP & own survey 2015/16.       

The projects aims to improve the accessibility of the pre-defined, central, narrow-scoped area of Kale/Kalay city (including bus station, bazar, 2 schools): employing innovatory participatory and cross-sectoral methodology – the “walking charrette” family type event engaging PWDs (including kids) and their families, local community & bazar stalls’ owners, PWDs oriented CSOs, rep. of Kalay city administration, in order to precise identify at least 4 hot spots/ pressing problem sites (forming the 1 accessibility corridor), laying within the focal area and addressing them under the community action, involving all stakeholders: purchasing relevant construction materials, assemble and install spatial accessibility & safety improvements: elimination of edges/barriers/est. safety pedestrian line, simple wooden ramps, slops or facture/ sidewalk tape, possibly simple/cheap & innovatory sound/light impaired safety improvements too e.g. in-pavement light/LED and sound installations.          

Project Start & End Date:

3 months: August – October 2016

Contact Person for this Project

Maung John (Director), 166/4 Youth Center, Sanmyo Ward, Tahan Post Office, Kale 02091, MYANMAR. maungburma@gmail.com Tel: (95) 0949 341 080/ 09 262 703 468

Project location

Kale or Kalay. The exact location is the Kalay highway bus terminal area & adjacent zone: Kuat Thit Bus Terminal, for Yangon-Kalay-Chin State and the adjacent major city bazaar: Kuat Thit Bazar and 2 elementary schools. Altogether forming an integrated key public spot in Kale.

ABC has done an environmental campaign in this highway bus terminal. The daily mean circulation/ flow of people is considerable – according to 2016’ ABC’s survey at least 15.000 individuals pass every day,  being an average number & exceeding this on weekly trading days.

The focal area delimitation within the Google maps:   https://drive.google.com/open?id=1B0KWrHuiVqUaKohhenusxoa7ZVM&usp=sharing

Partners & co-applicants involved

Chin Disable Organization (CDO). The CDO is the only Chin CSO, founded by the disable themselves, to have organized the Chin PWDs for networking, fundraising and livelihood for their members. Further 2 concerned schools & the local city level authorities from Kalay as well as the bus stop & bazar administration will be involved in the project.

Background Outline & Justification

In Chin society, people with special need or people with disability are not given special attention. The PWDs have been severely marginalized, neglected and ignored. The PWDs are considered as the curse / punishment of God or the cause of bad luck. For family members, to have a PWD is “troublesome”. The PWDs and their families, being marginalized, do not have income to meet their own needs. The PWDs have very limited access to education (80% of even slightly handicapped or impaired e.g. are not attaining any education, UNICEF, EU, UNDP 2015), healthcare, society & economy at large. PWDs, further mother with children, the senior citizens, children, and pregnant women must get appropriate attention from the general public. In Myanmar there is absolute lack of participatory initiatives focused on accessibility of the public space & its improvements, involving directly PWDs and various stakeholders groups. Meanwhile, the regulations on accessibility and inclusiveness of the public spaces (ILO & UNESCO, 2015), formally adopted, are not enforced or just void, while the CSOs and local administration have no know-how & experience & resources to ensure any progress in the field: this deficiencies & lacks are to be directly addressed under the current pilot project.   

Description of the activities

The current pilot project has both practical & good practice setting elements and will be implemented & tested & evaluated together with CSOs, local leaders and the LA.

How we you plan to get there?

  1. Information & outreach & organizational arrangements & preparation of materials for the walking charrette family event: info campaign: network & outdoor & social media & coordination with the stakeholder & preparation and print-outs of maps and preparation of relevant documentation: simple graphic quizzes and questionnaires;  Cost: 300 USD: PR & outreach & preparation & print-outs;
  2. The 1 full day walking charrette event, in the open, family formula involving all key stakeholders and community, including PWDs and their families, taking place within the focal area; The employed methodology: the PWDs participants, along facilitators and other stakeholders are following the routine school/ bazar paths & frequented flows/ways: crossing street, struggling to pass the focal area from NW corner to SE corner or vice versa: marking & suggesting solutions for the encountered key barriers & spatial obstacles, in life spatial lab formula; The consolidation & facilitation workshop is to follow at the same day & location to pool the collected data and endorse one at least 4 hot spots/ pressing problem sites: forming the 1 accessibility corridor connecting key frequented spots within the focal area.  Cost: 300 USD: mainly for facilitation & catering;  At least 120 participants.
  3. The community action, involving all stakeholders: purchasing relevant construction materials, assemble and install spatial accessibility & safety improvements for at least 4 hot spots/ pressing problem sites: forming the 1 accessibility corridor connecting key frequented spots within the focal area, identified and endorsed under Activity 2: elimination of edges/barriers/est. safety pedestrian line, simple wooden ramps, slops or facture/ sidewalk tape, possibly simple/cheap & innovatory sound/light impaired safety improvements too e.g. in-pavement light/LED and sound installations.  Costs: material & installation: 4100 USD; At least 25 local community leaders/ volunteers & CSOs & LA rep involved;
  4. Opening & evaluation event under the family formula involving all key stakeholders and community, including PWDs and their families: testing the installed improvements under the accessibility corridor from the Activity 3 & outreach & networking & PR; Cost: 300 USD: mainly for catering & PR & evaluation & lessons learnt pooling;  At least 120 participants.

We will disseminate the event, activities, inputs and outcome through local media (radio, periodicals) for public awareness. 

Amount Requested, state the currency

USD 5,000    

Target groups & final beneficiaries:

Kale community of 400.000 inhabitants and further Kalay Township inhabitants, of which at least 10% being PWDs or impaired or handicapped, in line UNDP estimations; At least 50 %  of them Chin/from Chin;

Direct beneficiaries: PWDs or impaired or handicapped, including kids, of 3 adjacent Kale neighborhoods of at least 60.000 inhabitants; At least 50 %  of them Chin/from Chin; Along the key stakeholders & partners: participants in the activities;

Project sustainability

Sustainably & follow-up & spill-overs: e.g. actions aiming to improve education & inclusive primary & basic education envisaged under UNDEF micro granting scheme;

Project monitoring & evaluation

envisaged under the project: emphasized under Activity 4;